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Author Bencke, Aj ♦ Roberts, Dck ♦ Batey, Rg
Source CiteSeerX
Content type Text
File Format PDF
Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Data processing & computer science
Subject Keyword Dietary Pattern ♦ Inflammatory Bowel Disease ♦ Food Group ♦ Significant Predictor ♦ Starch Intake ♦ Non-nutrient Component ♦ Case Control Study ♦ Modifier Confounders ♦ Uc Subgroup ♦ Principal Component Analysis ♦ Conditional Logistic Regression ♦ Nutrient Analysis ♦ Single Nutrient ♦ Geographic Location ♦ Vitamin Supplement ♦ Dietary Patterning ♦ Electoral Roll ♦ Total Fat Intake ♦ Multiple Control ♦ Main Disease Crohn Disease ♦ Ulcerative Colitis ♦ Pre-symptomatic Dietary Pattern ♦ Consistent Dietary Aetiology ♦ Protective Effect
Abstract Background: Nutrients and foods may have interactions through non-nutrient components that can not be examined by single nutrient or food group analyses. Dietary patterning may examine this aspect of diet and is particularly useful when there is no consistent dietary aetiology, as in Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) and its two main diseases Crohn’s disease (CD) and Ulcerative Colitis (UC). In an energy adjusted nutrient analysis which controlled for modifiers/confounders, saturated and total fat intake were the only significant predictors of IBD (1). These and a protective effect of starch intake were also significant in UC, whilst only Vitamin A was a significant predictor for CD. Objective: To determine the pre-symptomatic dietary patterns which may be involved in the aetiology of IBD and in the CD and UC subgroups of this case control study. Design: Case control study of newly diagnosed cases with IBD matched (within 5 years of age, gender and geographic location) to randomly selected (electoral roll) multiple controls. Cases were recruited within six months of diagnosis from NSW and ACT by referral from gastroenterologists. Diet was assessed within two years of onset of symptoms by FFQ (including vitamin supplements). Food groups were formed and dietary patterns determined using Principal Components Analysis (PCA) and analysed by conditional logistic regression after controlling for confounders*. Outcomes: Data from 107 case and 308 matched controls were used in the analyses. The ‘western refined ’ dietary pattern
Educational Role Student ♦ Teacher
Age Range above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG ♦ Career/Technical Study