Thumbnail
Access Restriction
Open

Author Heywood, Vernon
Source CiteSeerX
Content type Text
File Format PDF
Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Data processing & computer science
Subject Keyword Wild Relative ♦ Native European Crop ♦ Leipzig Global Plan ♦ Pot Herb ♦ Wild Inventory ♦ European Continent Harbor ♦ Crop Improvement ♦ Aromatic Plant ♦ Food Legume ♦ Priority Activity ♦ Recent Year ♦ Crop Diversity ♦ Cultivated Plant ♦ Many Crop Specie ♦ Fruit Crop ♦ Close Wild Relative ♦ Water Cress ♦ Desirable Gene ♦ Major Center ♦ Wild Gene Pool ♦ Crop Plant
Abstract Interest in the conservation of wild relatives of cultivated plants has increased considerably in recent years and is recognized as one of the priority activities of the Leipzig Global Plan of Action. Wild relatives have contributed to the improvement of most crop plants and are used mostly as sources of desirable genes as well as in research relating to crop improvement. Although not often thought of as a major center of crop diversity, the European continent harbors rich wild gene pools of many crop species. These include: cereals, particularly oats (Avena) and rye (Secale); food legumes such as pea (Pisum) and lupins (Lupinus); fruit crops, such as apple (Malus), pear (Pyrus), plums and cherries (Prunus), grape vine (Vitis), raspberries and blackberries (Rubus), olive (Olea) and fig (Ficus); vegetables—including lettuce (Lactuca), carrot (Daucus), parsnip (Pastinaca), cabbage and other brassicas (Brassica), beet (Beta), celery, celeriac (Apium), leek (Allium), asparagus (Asparagus), salsify (Tragopogon), and artichoke (Cynara). The wild inventory is also very rich in the assemblage of pot herbs, condiments, and aromatic plants such as: caper (Capparis), mints (Mentha), marjoram (Origanum), lavender (Lavandula), thyme (Thymus), sage (Salvia), rosemary (Rosmarinus), mustards (Sinapis, Brassica), horseradish (Armoracia), water cress (Nasturtium), chives and leek (Allium), fennel (Foeniculum), caraway (Carum), that have their close wild relatives in Europe.
Educational Role Student ♦ Teacher
Age Range above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG ♦ Career/Technical Study