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Author Lipscomb, Elizabeth A. ♦ Simpson, Kaylene J. ♦ Lyle, Stephen R. ♦ Ring, Jennifer E. ♦ Dugan, Aisling S. ♦ Mercurio, Arthur M.
Source CiteSeerX
Content type Text
File Format PDF
Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Data processing & computer science
Subject Keyword A6b4 Integrin ♦ Human Breast Carcinoma Cell ♦ B4-deficient Cell Line ♦ A6b4 Expression ♦ Tumor Formation ♦ Tumor Progression ♦ Caspase-3 Cleavage Product ♦ Vivo Assay ♦ Control Cell Line ♦ Immunocompromised Mouse ♦ Sum-159 Breast Carcinoma Cell Line ♦ Vivo Environment ♦ Rna Interference Strategy ♦ Survival Signaling ♦ Vital Role ♦ Functional Phenotype ♦ Breast Carcinoma Cell ♦ Reduced Expression ♦ Carcinoma Function ♦ Survival Pathway ♦ Vivo Data ♦ Vegf Expression ♦ Recombinant Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor ♦ Mammary Fat Pad ♦ Orthotopic Injection ♦ Cancer Re ♦ B4 Subunit ♦ Tumor Cell Survival ♦ Pi Cell ♦ Cell Death ♦ Vegf-dependent Manner ♦ Soft Agar Assay ♦ A6b4 Expression Inhibits Colony Formation ♦ Annexin V-fitc ♦ Anchorage-independent Growth
Abstract The A6B4 integrin has been widely implicated in carcinoma function in vitro; however, in vivo data are scarce. To determine the importance of A6B4 in tumor progression, a SUM-159 breast carcinoma cell line that is essentially devoid of A6B4 expression was generated using an RNA interference strategy. Loss of A6B4 expression inhibits colony formation in soft agar assays, suggesting a vital role for A6B4 in survival signaling and anchorage-independent growth. Orthotopic injection of the B4-deficient cell line into the mammary fat pad of immunocompromised mice yielded significantly fewer and smaller tumors than the control cell line, revealing a role for the A6B4 integrin in tumor formation. Under conditions that mimicked the in vivo environment, decreased expression of the A6B4 integrin led to enhanced apoptosis as determined by the percentage of Annexin V-FITC+, PI! cells and the presence of caspase-3 cleavage products. Recombinant vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) significantly inhibited the cell death observed in the B4-deficient cell line, demonstrating the importance of VEGF expression in this survival pathway. Furthermore, loss of A6B4 expression leads to enhanced apoptosis and reduced expression of VEGF in breast carcinoma cells in vivo. Importantly, the specificity of A6B4 in both the in vitro and in vivo assays showed that reexpression of the B4 subunit into the B4-deficient cell line could rescue the functional phenotype. Taken together, these data implicate the A6B4 integrin in tumor formation by regulating tumor cell survival in a VEGF-dependent manner. (Cancer Res 2005; 65(23): 10970-6)
Educational Role Student ♦ Teacher
Age Range above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG ♦ Career/Technical Study