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Source CiteSeerX
Content type Text
File Format PDF
Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Data processing & computer science
Subject Keyword Prehistoric Human Colonization ♦ Neolithic Period ♦ Dramatic Change ♦ Perennial Availability ♦ Fertile Soil ♦ Ample Wild Plant ♦ First Urbanization ♦ Animal Food Resource ♦ Hunting-gathering Way ♦ Bronze Age ♦ Alluvial Plain ♦ Broad Period ♦ Occupational Group ♦ Demography Human Society ♦ Human Colonization ♦ Hunting-gathering Stage ♦ Forested Region ♦ Name Sugg Sts ♦ Stone Age ♦ Food-pro Ucing Way ♦ Semi-arid Region ♦ Iron Age ♦ Saraswati River ♦ Subsequently Copper ♦ Prehistoric Period ♦ Chalcolithic Period ♦ New Material ♦ Mesolithic Period ♦ Human Habitat
Abstract Human colonization in India encompasses a span of at least half--million years and is divided into two broad periods, namely the prehistoric (before the emergence of writing) and the historic (after writing). The prehistoric period is divided into stone, bronze and iron ages. The stone age is further divided into palaeolithic, mesolithic and neolithic periods. As the name sugg sts, the technology in these periods was primarily based on stone. Economically, the palaeolithic and mesolithic periods represented a nomadic, hunting-gathering way of life, while the neolithic period represented a settled, food-pro ucing way of life. Subsequently copper was introduced as a new material and this period was designated as the chalcolithic period. The invention of agriculture, which took place about 8000 years ago, brought about dramatic changes in the economy, technology and demography f human societies. Human habitat in the hunting-gathering stage was essentially on hilly, rocky and forested regions, which had ample wild plant and animal food resources. The introduction of agriculture saw it shifting to the alluvial plains which had fertile soil and perennial availability of water. Hills and forests, which had so far been areas of attraction, now turned into areas of isolation. Agriculture led to the emergence of villages and towns and brought with it the division of society into occupational groups. The first urbanization took place during the bronze age in the arid and semi-arid region of northwest India in the valleys of the Indus and the Saraswati rivers, the latter represented by the now dry
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