|Subject Domain (in DDC)||Computer science, information & general works ♦ Data processing & computer science|
|Subject Keyword||Probability Model ♦ Formant Param ♦ Formant Parameter Vector ♦ Formant Parameter ♦ Formant Vector ♦ State Gaussian Mixture Density ♦ Non-uniform Frequency ♦ Phoneme-dependent Two-dimensional Hidden Markov Model ♦ Alternative Method ♦ Linear Prediction ♦ Formant Trajectory ♦ Spectral Mapping ♦ Voice Morphing ♦ Source Towards ♦ Warping Ratio ♦ Formant Distribution ♦ Experimental Evaluation ♦ Mapping Function ♦ Voice Conversion|
|Abstract||This paper explores the estimation and mapping of probability models of formant parameter vectors for voice conversion. The formant parameter vectors consist of the frequency, bandwidth and intensity of resonance at formants. Formant parameters are derived from the coefficients of a linear prediction (LP) model of speech. The formant distributions are modelled with phoneme-dependent two-dimensional hidden Markov models with state Gaussian mixture densities. The HMMs are subsequently used for re-estimation of the formant trajectories of speech. Two alternative methods are explored for voice morphing. The first is a non-uniform frequency warping method and the second is based on spectral mapping via rotation of the formant vectors of the source towards those of the target. Both methods transform all formant parameters (Frequency, Bandwidth and Intensity). In addition, the factors that affect the selection of the warping ratios for the mapping function are presented. Experimental evaluation of voice morphing examples is presented. 1.|
|Educational Role||Student ♦ Teacher|
|Age Range||above 22 year|
|Education Level||UG and PG ♦ Career/Technical Study|
|Learning Resource Type||Article|
National Digital Library of India (NDLI) is a virtual repository of learning resources which is not just a repository with search/browse facilities but provides a host of services for the learner community. It is sponsored and mentored by Ministry of Education, Government of India, through its National Mission on Education through Information and Communication Technology (NMEICT). Filtered and federated searching is employed to facilitate focused searching so that learners can find the right resource with least effort and in minimum time. NDLI provides user group-specific services such as Examination Preparatory for School and College students and job aspirants. Services for Researchers and general learners are also provided. NDLI is designed to hold content of any language and provides interface support for 10 most widely used Indian languages. It is built to provide support for all academic levels including researchers and life-long learners, all disciplines, all popular forms of access devices and differently-abled learners. It is designed to enable people to learn and prepare from best practices from all over the world and to facilitate researchers to perform inter-linked exploration from multiple sources. It is developed, operated and maintained from Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur.
NDLI is a conglomeration of freely available or institutionally contributed or donated or publisher managed contents. Almost all these contents are hosted and accessed from respective sources. The responsibility for authenticity, relevance, completeness, accuracy, reliability and suitability of these contents rests with the respective organization and NDLI has no responsibility or liability for these. Every effort is made to keep the NDLI portal up and running smoothly unless there are some unavoidable technical issues.
Ministry of Education, through its National Mission on Education through Information and Communication Technology (NMEICT), has sponsored and funded the National Digital Library of India (NDLI) project.
For any issue or feedback, please write to firstname.lastname@example.org