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Author Meroni, Luisa ♦ Crain, Stephen ♦ Gilliver, Megan ♦ Hackl, Martin ♦ Minai, Utako
Source CiteSeerX
Content type Text
Publisher Cascadilla Press
File Format PDF
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Data processing & computer science
Subject Keyword Context Mitigate ♦ Referential Feature ♦ Recent Work ♦ Kindergarten Path ♦ Compelling Evidence ♦ So-called Garden-path Effect ♦ Referential Context ♦ Cognitive Mechanism ♦ Contextual Factor ♦ Referential Theory ♦ Continuity Assumption ♦ Immediate Role ♦ Structural Ambiguity ♦ Adult Access ♦ Infelicitous Context ♦ Adult Sentence Processing ♦ Processing Language ♦ Garden Path Effect ♦ Ambiguous Linguistic Structure
Description Studies of adult sentence processing have established that the referential context in which sentences are presented plays an immediate role in their interpretation, such that referential features of the context mitigate, and even eliminate, so-called ‘garden-path ’ effects. Perceivers experience garden path effects almost exclusively when they are attempting to parse locally ambiguous linguistic structures in the absence of context, or in infelicitous contexts. The finding that the referential context ordinarily obviates garden path effects is compelling evidence for the Referential Theory of parsing, advanced originally by Crain and Steedman, (1985) and extended in Altmann and Steedman (1988). Recent work by Trueswell, Sekerina, Hill and Logrip (1999) suggests, however, that children may not be as sensitive as adults to contextual factors in resolving structural ambiguities. This conclusion is not anticipated by the Referential Theory and, worse still, it runs counter to the Continuity Assumption, which supposes that children and adults access the same cognitive mechanisms in processing language (Crain 1991; 2002; Crain and Wexler 2000;
Educational Role Student ♦ Teacher
Age Range above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG ♦ Career/Technical Study
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2003-01-01
Publisher Institution In B. Beachley, A. Brown & F. Conlin (Eds), Proceedings of the 27th annual Boston University conference on language development