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Author Hochbaum, Dorit S. ♦ Maass, Wolfgang
Source ACM Digital Library
Content type Text
Publisher Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©1985
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Data processing & computer science
Abstract A unified and powerful approach is presented for devising polynomial approximation schemes for many strongly NP-complete problems. Such schemes consist of families of approximation algorithms for each desired performance bound on the relative error ε > &Ogr;, with running time that is polynomial when ε is fixed. Though the polynomiality of these algorithms depends on the degree of approximation ε being fixed, they cannot be improved, owing to a negative result stating that there are no fully polynomial approximation schemes for strongly NP-complete problems unless NP = P.The unified technique that is introduced here, referred to as the shifting strategy, is applicable to numerous geometric covering and packing problems. The method of using the technique and how it varies with problem parameters are illustrated. A similar technique, independently devised by B. S. Baker, was shown to be applicable for covering and packing problems on planar graphs.
ISSN 00045411
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 1985-01-01
Publisher Place New York
e-ISSN 1557735X
Journal Journal of the ACM (JACM)
Volume Number 32
Issue Number 1
Page Count 7
Starting Page 130
Ending Page 136


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Source: ACM Digital Library