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Author Yotsui, Izumi ♦ Serada, Satoshi ♦ Naka, Tetsuji ♦ Saruhashi, Masashi ♦ Taji, Teruaki ♦ Hayashi, Takahisa ♦ Quatrano, Ralph S. ♦ Sakata, Yoichi
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES ♦ ABSCISIC ACID ♦ ANIMAL TISSUES ♦ ARABIDOPSIS ♦ CELL PROLIFERATION ♦ GENE REGULATION ♦ HORMONES ♦ MOSSES ♦ MUTANTS ♦ SPORES ♦ TOLERANCE ♦ TRANSCRIPTION ♦ TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS
Abstract Desiccation tolerance is an ancestral feature of land plants and is still retained in non-vascular plants such as bryophytes and some vascular plants. However, except for seeds and spores, this trait is absent in vegetative tissues of vascular plants. Although many studies have focused on understanding the molecular basis underlying desiccation tolerance using transcriptome and proteome approaches, the critical molecular differences between desiccation tolerant plants and non-desiccation plants are still not clear. The moss Physcomitrella patens cannot survive rapid desiccation under laboratory conditions, but if cells of the protonemata are treated by the phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA) prior to desiccation, it can survive 24 h exposure to desiccation and regrow after rehydration. The desiccation tolerance induced by ABA (AiDT) is specific to this hormone, but also depends on a plant transcription factor ABSCISIC ACID INSENSITIVE3 (ABI3). Here we report the comparative proteomic analysis of AiDT between wild type and ABI3 deleted mutant (Δabi3) of P. patens using iTRAQ (Isobaric Tags for Relative and Absolute Quantification). From a total of 1980 unique proteins that we identified, only 16 proteins are significantly altered in Δabi3 compared to wild type after desiccation following ABA treatment. Among this group, three of the four proteins that were severely affected in Δabi3 tissue were Arabidopsis orthologous genes, which were expressed in maturing seeds under the regulation of ABI3. These included a Group 1 late embryogenesis abundant (LEA) protein, a short-chain dehydrogenase, and a desiccation-related protein. Our results suggest that at least three of these proteins expressed in desiccation tolerant cells of both Arabidopsis and the moss are very likely to play important roles in acquisition of desiccation tolerance in land plants. Furthermore, our results suggest that the regulatory machinery of ABA- and ABI3-mediated gene expression for desiccation tolerance might have evolved in ancestral land plants before the separation of bryophytes and vascular plants. - Highlights: • Large-scale proteomics highlighted proteins related to plant desiccation tolerance. • The proteins were regulated by both the phytohormone ABA and ABI3. • The proteins accumulated in desiccation tolerant cells of both Arabidopsis and moss. • Evolutionary origin of regulatory machinery for desiccation tolerance is proposed.
ISSN 0006291X
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2016-03-18
Publisher Place United States
Journal Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume Number 471
Issue Number 4


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