|Author||Yoo, Hyunju ♦ Cho, Jungyeon ♦ Lee, Jeong-Eun ♦ Mairs, Steve ♦ Johnstone, Doug ♦ Herczeg, Gregory J. ♦ Kang, Sung-ju ♦ Kang, Miju|
|Source||United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information|
|Subject Keyword||ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY ♦ ACCRETION DISKS ♦ BRIGHTNESS ♦ COSMIC DUST ♦ DECAY ♦ DETECTION ♦ EMISSION ♦ INTERACTIONS ♦ LUMINOSITY ♦ PROTOSTARS ♦ STAR EVOLUTION ♦ STARS ♦ VISIBLE RADIATION ♦ WAVELENGTHS|
|Abstract||During the protostellar phase of stellar evolution, accretion onto the star is expected to be variable, but this suspected variability has been difficult to detect because protostars are deeply embedded. In this paper, we describe a submillimeter luminosity burst of the Class I protostar EC 53 in Serpens Main, the first variable found during our dedicated JCMT/SCUBA-2 monitoring program of eight nearby star-forming regions. EC 53 remained quiescent for the first six months of our survey, from 2016 February to August. The submillimeter emission began to brighten in 2016 September, reached a peak brightness of 1.5 times the faint state, and has been decaying slowly since 2017 February. The change in submillimeter brightness is interpreted as dust heating in the envelope, generated by a luminosity increase of the protostar of a factor of ≥4. The 850 μ m light curve resembles the historical K -band light curve, which varies by a factor of ∼6 with a 543 period and is interpreted as accretion variability excited by interactions between the accretion disk and a close binary system. The predictable detections of accretion variability observed at both near-infrared and submillimeter wavelengths make the system a unique test-bed, enabling us to capture the moment of the accretion burst and to study the consequences of the outburst on the protostellar disk and envelope.|
|Learning Resource Type||Article|
|Publisher Place||United States|
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