|Author||Lau, L. N. ♦ Ibrahim, N. B.|
|Source||United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information|
|Subject Keyword||CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY ♦ COERCIVE FORCE ♦ CONCENTRATION RATIO ♦ ECOLOGICAL CONCENTRATION ♦ FIELD EMISSION ♦ GRAIN SIZE ♦ HEMATITE ♦ HYSTERESIS ♦ IRON ♦ IRON OXIDES ♦ MAGNETIC MATERIALS ♦ MAGNETIC PROPERTIES ♦ MAGNETITE ♦ MORPHOLOGY ♦ QUARTZ ♦ SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY ♦ SOL-GEL PROCESS ♦ SPIN-ON COATING ♦ THIN FILMS ♦ VIBRATING SAMPLE MAGNETOMETERS ♦ X-RAY DIFFRACTION|
|Abstract||Iron is one of the abundant elements of Mother Nature and its compound, iron oxide is an interesting material to study since its discovery in the form of magnetite. It can exist in many phases such as hematite and maghemite, this unique nature has put it as a potential candidate in various applications. The aim of this work is to study the influence of different precursor concentrations on the microstructural and magnetic properties of iron oxide thin film. All samples were prepared via the sol-gel method followed by a spin coating technique on quartz substrates. Iron oxide films were confirmed as maghemite phase from X-ray diffraction patterns. The film morphology was examined by a field emission scanning electron microscope and it showed non-systematic value of average grain size and film thickness throughout the study. Hysteresis loop further confirmed that maghemite is a magnetic material when it was characterized by a vibrating sample magnetometer. The coercivity did not show any correlation with molarity. Nevertheless, it increased as the precursor concentration of the film increased due to the domain behaviour. In conclusion, maghemite thin films were successfully synthesized by the sol-gel method with different precursor concentrations in this work.|
|Learning Resource Type||Article|
|Publisher Place||United States|
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