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Author Karan, Deepak K.
Source IIT Gandhinagar
Content type Text
Publisher American Geophysical Union
Language English
Abstract The equatorial upper atmospheric dynamic processes show both latitudinal and longitudinal variability. While the variability in latitudes can exist over small distances (~100 s km), the longitudinal behavior has been shown to be existing mainly over large spatial separations (~1000s km). In the present work we have used, variations in thermospheric optical dayglow emissions at OI 557.7, 630.0, and 777.4 nm, as tracers of neutral dynamics. These emissions are obtained simultaneously from a high resolution slit spectrograph, MISE (Multi wavelength Imaging Spectrograph using Echelle grating), from a low-latitude location, Hyderabad (17.50 N, 78.40E; 8.90 N MLAT) in India, to investigate the longitudinal differences in the upper atmospheric processes over short separations. Spectral analyses of gravity waves carried out on the dayglow emission intensity variations for different independent viewing directions on some days show dissimilar periodicities suggesting the existence of longitudinal differences. Gravity wave scale sizes and the propagation characteristics on these days are different from those in which longitudinal differences are not seen. Further, the zenith diurnal emission intensity patterns are different on the days with and without the observed longitudinal variability. This work shows for the first time that longitudinal differences in upper atmospheric processes can exist at even as small as 30 longitude separations. Such longitudinal differences seen in the neutral dayglow emission intensities are attributed to the zonal variation in the daytime equatorial electrodynamics.
ISSN 21699402
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2017-06-01
Journal Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Volume Number 122
Issue Number 6
Starting Page 6528
Ending Page 6542


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