Thumbnail
Access Restriction
Open

Author Kumar, Nagati Naresh
Researcher Kumar, Nagati Naresh
Source NIT Rourkela-Thesis
Content type Text
Educational Degree Master of Technology (M.Tech.)
File Format PDF
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Special computer methods ♦ Technology ♦ Engineering & allied operations
Subject Keyword Image Processing
Abstract In this report three antenna designs using fractal geometry have been proposed. Fractal is a concept which is being employed in patch antenna to have better characteristics than conventional microstrip antenna. In the first design, a Sierpinski fractal antenna is proposed for multiband wireless applications. It consists of three-stage Sierpinski fractal geometry as the radiating element. The proposed antenna has compact dimension of 75×89.5×1.5 mm3. The multiband characteristic for a return loss less than 10dB is achieved. The model is applied to predict the behavior of fractal antenna when the height of the antenna is changed. The proposed antenna is considered a good candidate for Multiband Wireless applications. In the second proposal, a Sierpinski Carpet fractal antenna is proposed for multiband wireless applications. It consists of two-stage Sierpinski Carpet fractal geometry as the radiating element. The proposed antenna has compact dimension of 59.06×47.16×1.6 mm3. The multiband characteristic for a return loss less than 10dB is achieved. The major advantage of Sierpinski Carpet antenna is, it exhibits high self-similarity and symmetry. In the third proposal, multiband Koch curve antenna with fractal concept is presented. It consists of two-stage Koch curve as the radiating element. The proposed antenna is a compact dimension of 88×88×1.6 mm3. The multiband characteristic for a return loss less than 10dB is achieved. The proposed design is appropriate for mobile communication systems. CST Microwave Studio Suite 2012 is used to simulate these antennas. All the proposed antennas are fabricated on FR4 substrate of relative permittivity of 4.4 and height 1.6mm has been used.
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Thesis
Publisher Date 2014-01-01