Access Restriction

Author Panda, Deepak Kumar
Researcher Panda, Deepak Kumar
Source NIT Rourkela-Thesis
Content type Text
Educational Degree Master of Technology (M.Tech.)
File Format PDF
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Special computer methods ♦ Technology ♦ Engineering & allied operations
Subject Keyword Image Processing
Abstract Visual surveillance in dynamic scenes, especially for humans and vehicles, is one of the current challenging research topics in computer vision. It is a key technology to fight against terrorism, crime, public safety and for efficient management of traffic. The work involves designing of efficient visual surveillance system in complex environments. In video surveillance, detection of moving objects from a video is important for object classification, target tracking, activity recognition, and behavior understanding. Detection of moving objects in video streams is the first relevant step of information and background subtraction is a very popular approach for foreground segmentation. In this thesis, we have simulated different background subtraction methods to overcome the problem of illumination variation, background clutter, shadows, and camouflage. Object classification is done using silhouette template based classification to categorize objects into human, group of human and vehicle. Detecting and tracking of human body parts is important in understanding human activities. We have proposed two methods to overcome the problem of object tracking in varying illumination condition and background clutter. For target tracking of interested object in the consecutive video frames, we have used normalized correlation coefficient (NCC). NCC is robust to varying illumination condition. Template is updated on every frame to minimize the template drift problem and it also tries to cope with short-lived occlusion and background clutter. In order to extend the surveillance area and overcome occlusion, fusion of data from multiple cameras is employed in our project. We have tracked objects across multiple cameras with non-overlapping FOVs based on object appearances. A brightness transfer function (BTF) is determined from the cumulative histograms of the images. Matching of the object is done, with the help of Bhattacharya distance.
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Thesis
Publisher Date 2012-01-01