|Author||Borah, K. ♦ Rai, S. S. ♦ Priestley, K. ♦ Gaur, V. K.|
|Source||Indian Institute of Astrophysics|
|Subject Domain (in DDC)||Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Physics|
|Subject Keyword||Composition of the mantle ♦ Surface waves and free oscillations ♦ Seismic tomography ♦ Cratons ♦ Asia|
|Description||The 3-D shear velocity structure beneath South India's Dharwar Craton determined from fundamental mode Rayleigh waves phase velocities reveals the existence of anomalously high velocity materials in the depth range of 50–100 km. Tomographic analysis of seismograms recorded on a network of 35 broad-band seismographs shows the uppermost mantle shear wave speeds to be as high as 4.9 km s–1 in the northwestern Dharwar Craton, decreasing both towards the south and the east. Below ∼100 km, the shear wave speed beneath the Dharwar Craton is close to the global average shear wave speed at these depths. Limitations of usable Rayleigh phase periods, however, have restricted the analysis to depths of 120 km, precluding the delineation of the lithosphere–asthenosphere boundary in this region. However, pressure–temperature analysis of xenoliths in the region suggests a lithospheric thickness of at least ∼185 km during the mid-Proterozoic period. The investigations were motivated by a search for seismic indicators in the shallow mantle beneath the distinctly different parts of the Dharwar Craton otherwise distinguished by their lithologies, ages and crustal structure. Since the ages of cratonic crust and of the associated mantle lithosphere around the globe have been found to be broadly similar and their compositions bimodal in time, any distinguishing features of the various parts of the Dharwar shallow mantle could thus shed light on the craton formation process responsible for stabilizing the craton during the Meso- and Neo-Archean.|
|Education Level||UG and PG|
|Learning Resource Type||Article|
|Publisher Institution||Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society|
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