|Author||Chakarvarti, S. K.|
|Publisher||Indian J. Phys.|
|Subject Domain (in DDC)||Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Physics|
|Subject Keyword||Nanotechnology ♦ Track-etch membrane ♦ Synthesis|
|Abstract||Many techniques are being used in order to synthesize nano.micro materials falling under the realm of nanotechnology. It need not be overemphasized that the miniaturization of devices and synthesis of new materials have a tremendous role in the development of powerful electronics as well as material based technologies in other areas but for the laws of quantum mechanics posing limitations besides the increasing cost and difficulties in manufacturing in such a small scale. The quest, therefore, for the alternative technologies, have stimulated a surge of interest in nano-meter scale materials and devices in the recent years. Metallic as well as semiconducting nano wires are the most attractive materials because of their unique properties having myriad of applications like interconnects for nano-electronics, magnetic devices, chemical and biosensors, whereas the hollow tubules are equally considered to be candidates for more potent applications both in physical as well as biosciences. Materials processing for nano-structured devices is indispensable to their rational design. The technique, known as Template Synthesis , using electrochemical.electro less deposition is one of the most important processes for manufacturing nano.micro structures, nano-composites and devices and is relatively inexpensive and simple. The technique involves using membranes ion crafted ones (popularly known as Particle Track-Etch Membranes or Nuclear Track Filters), alumite substrate membranes, besides other types of membranes as templates. The parameters viz., diameter as well as length i.e., aspect ratio, shape and wall surface traits in these membranes are controllable. In the present article a detailed review of this technique using track-etch membranes as templates in synthesis of nano.micro materials including hybrid materials and devices like field-ion emitters, resonant tunneling diodes (RTDs) etc. is presented including most of the results obtained in our laboratory.|
|Education Level||UG and PG|
|Learning Resource Type||Article|
|Journal||Indian J Phys|
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